saivam meaning in telugu

This is evidenced in Hindu texts such as the Isvarasamhita, Padmasamhita and Paramesvarasamhita. D. 1996. [177], The Pashupatas derive their Sanskrit name from two words: Pashu (beast) and Pati (lord), where the chaotic and ignorant state, one imprisoned by bondage and assumptions, is conceptualized as the beast,[178] and the Atman (self, soul, Shiva) that is present eternally everywhere as the Pati. Strictly speaking, this must be revealed by the Teacher to the disciple. [229][230], Kashmir Shaivism has been a nondualistic school,[231][232] and is distinct from the dualistic Shaiva Siddhānta tradition that also existed in medieval Kashmir. [209] Unlike the experimenters of Atimarga tradition and other sub-traditions of Mantramarga, states Sanderson, the Shaiva Siddhanta tradition had no ritual offering or consumption of "alcoholic drinks, blood or meat". 128–72. [305] Scholars disagree whether a syncretic tradition emerged from Buddhism and Shaivism, or it was a coalition with free borrowing of ideas, but they agree that the two traditions co-existed peacefully. [15] The Bhairava Shastras are monistic, while Shiva Shastras are dualistic. [193] This literature was highly influential not just to Shaivism, but to all traditions of Hinduism, as well as to Buddhism and Jainism. An Introduction to Hinduism. We do not sell pirated Saivam DVDs & VCDs. Books on Hinduism Shaivism. [186] The Lakula Shaiva ascetic recognized no act nor words as forbidden, he freely did whatever he felt like, much like the classical depiction of his deity Rudra in ancient Hindu texts. [206] However, after the arrival of Islamic rulers in north India, it thrived in the south. Saivam - free By Vijaya Krishna Sharma ChamarthiShiva is a Sanskrit word having an adjective meaning “pure”. The spirit of this site is in the Vedas, Shivagamas and Thirumurais. [31][32][33], Shaivism is a major tradition within Hinduism with a theology that is predominantly related to the Hindu god Shiva. [94] Another sub-group is called esoteric, which fuses it with abstract Sivata (feminine energy) or Sivatva (neuter abstraction), wherein the theology integrates the goddess (Shakti) and the god (Shiva) with Tantra practices and Agama teachings. The theism in the tantra texts parallel those found in Vaishnavism and Shaktism. [216], Tirumular (also spelled Tirumūlār or Tirumūlar), the author of the Tirumantiram (also spelled Tirumandiram) is considered by Tattwananda to be the earliest exponent of Shaivism in Tamil areas. This section provides information on some of the books related to specific topics in Hinduism/ Shaivism. [99][96] It is a monist tradition, that considers Shiva to be within oneself, in every being and everything observed. Peter Heehs (2002), Indian Religions, New York University Press. [228] The Kashmir Shaivism traditions became nearly extinct due to Islam except for their preservation by Kashmiri Pandits. [163], The Agamas present a diverse range of philosophies, ranging from theistic dualism to absolute monism. Jacob Ensink (1978), Siva-Buddhism in Java and Bali, Monier Monier-Williams, Sanskrit-English Dictionary with Etymology, Oxford University Press. According to Julius Lipner, Vaishnavism traditions such as Sri Vaishnavism embrace Shiva, Ganesha and others, not as distinct deities of polytheism, but as polymorphic manifestation of the same supreme divine principle, providing the devotee a polycentric access to the spiritual. Their Siddhas and esoteric traditions, in particular, have overlapped to an extent where Buddhists and Hindus would worship in the same temple such as in the Seto Machindranath. One sub-group is called Vedic-Puranic, who use the terms such as "Shiva, Mahadeva, Maheshvara and others" synonymously, and they use iconography such as the Linga, Nandi, Trishula (trident), as well as anthropomorphic statues of Shiva in temples to help focus their practices. Three-headed Śiva on the Reverse of Vima Kadphises's Copper Coinage. This section provides information on some of the books related to specific topics in Hinduism/ Shaivism. [307][note 8] The Buddhist Avalokiteshvara is linked to Shiva in many of these arts,[308] but in others Shiva is linked to Bodhisattva Maitreya with he shown as carrying his own water pot like Vedic priests. [229] For example, one sub-tradition of Kashmir Shaivism adopts Goddess worship (Shaktism) by stating that the approach to god Shiva is through goddess Shakti. Bhattara Guru's wife in southeast Asia is the same Hindu deity Durga, who has been popular since ancient times, and she too has a complex character with benevolent and fierce manifestations, each visualized with different names such as Uma, Sri, Kali and others. The tradition traces itself to 9th or 10th century Matsyendranath and to ideas and organization developed by Gorakshanath. My mother-in-law translated the lyrics and now I love it even more for the message it brings that When there is love in your heart everything is beautiful. [284] Harihara temples in and outside the Indian subcontinent have historically combined Shiva and Vishnu, such as at the Lingaraj Mahaprabhu temple in Bhubaneshwar, Odisha. In southeast Asia, the two traditions were not presented in competitive or polemical terms, rather as two alternate paths that lead to the same goals of liberation, with theologians disagreeing which of these is faster and simpler. Saivam Movie Review: Critics Rating: 3.5 stars, click to give your rating/review,Vijay has created a two-hour-long feel-good film, which is part humourous and part sentimental but n [37], Some trace the origins to the Indus Valley civilization, which reached its peak around 2500–2000 BCE. [294], Many Yoga-emphasizing Shaiva traditions emerged in medieval India, who refined yoga methods such as by introducing Hatha Yoga techniques. Shaiva Philosophies, Shiva temples across the word, devotees, stotras, scripture on Hindu Lord Shiva can be found on the 5000 pages of this site. For example, the Vishnu Purana primarily focuses on the theology of Hindu god Vishnu and his avatars such as Krishna, but it praises Brahma and Shiva and asserts that they are one with Vishnu. Similarly, Shakta Hindus revere Shiva and goddesses such as Parvati (such as Durga, Radha, Sita and others) and Saraswati important in Shaiva and Vaishnava traditions.[263]. [262] The denominations of Hinduism, states Julius Lipner, are unlike those found in major religions of the world, because Hindu denominations are fuzzy with individuals revering gods and goddesses polycentrically, with many Shaiva and Vaishnava adherents recognizing Sri (Lakshmi), Parvati, Saraswati and other aspects of the goddess Devi. 200–228. The Shiva Sutras (aphorisms) of Shaivism teach yoga in many forms. According to Galvin Flood, the closeness between Shaivism and Shaktism traditions is such that these traditions of Hinduism are at times difficult to separate. ; Saivam Movie Review are added by registered customers. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. 522–539, 550; R. Ghose (1966), Saivism in Indonesia during the Hindu-Javanese period, The University of Hong Kong Press, pages 94–96, 253. The goddess tradition of Hinduism called Shaktism is closely related to Shaivism. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. Meaning: As the heaps of precious gems on the crowns of the celestial powers lose their radiance, when they go to salute the feet lotuses of the Lord of aNNAmalai, the stars fade away with their cold luminance when the one in the eye - Sun comes to remove the darkness. However, their primary texts are believed to be lost, and have not survived into the modern era. [306], The earliest evidence of a close relationship between Shaivism and Buddhism comes from the archaeological sites and damaged sculptures from the northwest Indian subcontinent, such as Gandhara. [50][66], The inscriptions found in the Himalayan region, such as those in the Kathmandu valley of Nepal suggest that Shaivism (particularly Pashupata monism) was established in this region during the Mauryas and the Guptas reign of the Indian subcontinent, by the 5th century. The description is conflicting, with some texts stating the tantric, puranik and Vedic traditions of Shaivism to be hostile to each other while others suggest them to be amicable sub-traditions. [285], Similarly, Shaiva traditions have reverentially embraced other gods and goddesses as manifestation of the same divine. For an overview of the Shaiva Traditions, see Flood, Gavin, "The Śaiva Traditions",, Flood (2003), pp. [330] For example, the Skanda Purana deals primarily with Tirtha Mahatmyas (pilgrimage travel guides) to numerous geographical points,[330] but also includes a chapter stating that a temple and tirtha is ultimately a state of mind and virtuous everyday life. [229][234] The Siva Sutras of 9th century Vasugupta and his ideas about Spanda have also been influential to this and other Shaiva sub-traditions, but it is probable that much older Shaiva texts once existed. According to Srinivasan, the proposal that it is proto-Shiva may be a case of projecting "later practices into archeological findings". Rudram namakam chamakam telugu pdf with meaning Rudram Namamkam Chamakam Telugu pdf VEDIO TEXT IN SANSKRIT TELUGU ENGLISH. [71][72] Between the 5th and 11th century CE, major Shaiva temples had been built in central, southern and eastern regions of the subcontinent, including those at Badami cave temples, Aihole, Elephanta Caves, Ellora Caves (Kailasha, cave 16), Khajuraho, Bhuvaneshwara, Chidambaram, Madurai, and Conjeevaram. Gavin Flood (1997), An Introduction to Hinduism, p.152. Saivam (English: Vegetarian) is a Tamil film written, directed and produced by A. L. Vijay. [39][46], According to Gavin Flood, "the formation of Śaiva traditions as we understand them begins to occur during the period from 200 BC to 100 AD. Members of a family gather as a sacrificial rooster goes missing. Azhagu (From "Saivam") by G.V. Another idea of this school was Trika, or modal triads of Shakti and cosmology as developed by Somananda in the early 10th century. [130] Among the notable and influential commentaries by dvaita (dualistic) theistic Shaivism scholars were the 8th century Sadyajoti, the 10th century Ramakantha, 11th century Bhojadeva. [note 6], Shaivism-inspired scholars authored 14 Shiva-focussed Upanishads that are called the Shaiva Upanishads. It contains the key terms and ideas of Shaivism, such as Shiva, Rudra, Maheswara, Guru, Bhakti, Yoga, Atman, Brahman and self-knowledge. [39][66], Most of the Gupta kings, beginning with Chandragupta II (Vikramaditya) (375-413 CE) were known as Parama Bhagavatas or Bhagavata Vaishnavas and had been ardent promoters of Vaishnavism. [264] This influence on classical Cambodia, Vietnam and Thailand continued when Mahayana Buddhism arrived with the same Indians. For example, the Kashmiri tantrics explain the powers as anima (awareness than one is present in everything), laghima (lightness, be free from presumed diversity or differences), mahima (heaviness, realize one's limit is beyond one's own consciousness), prapti (attain, be restful and at peace with one's own nature), prakamya (forebearance, grasp and accept cosmic diversity), vasita (control, realize that one always has power to do whatever one wants), isitva (self lordship, a yogi is always free). [14], Shaivism is ancient, and over time it developed many sub-traditions. It should be noted that there has not been major review processes undertaken on these books and hence these books may or may not be in alignment with the information available at shaivam.org [195][196] Shaiva Siddhanta is a major subtradition that emphasized dualism during much of its history. Other texts include the bhasya (commentary) on Pashupata sutras by Kaudinya, the Gaṇakārikā, Pañchārtha bhāshyadipikā and Rāśikara-bhāshya. [190] The siddhi were particularly the pursuit of Mantramarga monks, and it is this sub-tradition that experimented with a great diversity of rites, deities, rituals, yogic techniques and mantras. Perkins, J. The Dunhuang caves in north China built from the 4th century onwards are predominantly about the Buddha, but some caves show the meditating Buddha with Hindu deities such as Shiva, Vishnu, Ganesha and Indra. [234][238], A notable feature of Kashmir Shaivism was its openness and integration of ideas from Shaktism, Vaishnavism and Vajrayana Buddhism. [10][11][12] It considers both the Vedas and the Agama texts as important sources of theology. According to Flood, coins dated to the ancient Greek, Saka and Parthian kings who ruled parts of the Indian subcontinent after the arrival of Alexander the Great also show Shiva iconography, but this evidence is weak and subject to competing inferences. [58][50][59] The Shvetashvatara Upanishad (late 1st mill. [318] In late 1st millennium CE, Jainism too developed a Shaiva-like tantric ritual culture with Mantra-goddesses. A similar trend was witnessed in early medieval Indonesia with the Majapahit empire and pre-Islamic Malaya. It also spread outside of India into Southeast Asia's Khmer Empire, Java, Bali and Cham. [288] For example, the Shaiva text Srikanthiyasamhita mentions 85 Saura texts, almost all of which are believed to have been lost during the Islamic invasion and rule period, except for large excerpts found embedded in Shaiva manuscripts discovered in the Himalayan mountains. According to Mark Dyczkowski, yoga – which literally means "union" – to this tradition has meant the "realisation of our true inherent nature which is inherently greater than our thoughts can ever conceive", and that the goal of yoga is to be the "free, eternal, blissful, perfect, infinite spiritually conscious" one is. Vegetarianism) is a 2014 Tamil drama film written, directed and produced by A. L. Vijay.The film features Nassar in the lead role and child actress Sara Arjun plays another pivotal role. [183] He is the purported author of the Pashupata sutras, a foundational text of this tradition. They differed from Pashupata Atimargi in that they departed radically from the Vedic teachings, respected no Vedic or social customs. These are dated to about the 1st-century CE, with Shiva depicted in Buddhist arts. With Nassar, Kousalya, Saivam Ravi, Rajyalakshmi. [221], A notable feature of some "left tantra" ascetics was their pursuit of siddhis (supernatural abilities) and bala (powers), such as averting danger (santih) and the ability to harm enemies (abhicarah). [14] The Vedic literature, in Shaivism, is primary and general, while Agamas are special treatise. [286] The Skanda Purana, for example in section 6.254.100 states, "He who is Shiva is Vishnu, he who is Vishnu is Sadashiva". SAIVAM. திருநாவுக்கரசர் தேவாரத்தில் முப்பொருள் - சிறப்புரை - வழங்குபவர் தூத்துக்குடி திருமதி. [309] In Central Asian Buddhism, and its historic arts, syncretism and a shared expression of Shaivism, Buddhism and Tantra themes has been common. His Shaiva Advaita doctrine is inscribed on the walls of Kalakanthesvara temple in Adaiyappalam (Tiruvannamalai district). [318], Shaiva-Shakti iconography is found in major Jain temples. [170] It grew from the Atimarga tradition. [14] The surviving Vedic literature can be traced to the 1st millennium BCE and earlier, while the surviving Agamas can be traced to 1st millennium of the common era. They are called kṣétra (Sanskrit: क्षेत्र[328]). 31, Issue 02, June 1968, pages 309–314; D Srinivasan (1997), Many Heads, Arms, and Eyes, Brill, sfn error: multiple targets (3×): CITEREFAlain_Daniélou1987 (, Alexis Sanderson (2014), 'The Saiva Literature, Wendy Doniger (2009), An Alternative Historiography for Hinduism, Journal of Hindu Studies, Vol. [84] Certain regions have a greater density of Shiva temples, such as in the Thanjavur region of Tamil Nadu, where numerous Shaiva temples were built during the Chola empire era, between 800 and 1200 CE. ( 1992 ), ritual in an Oscillating Universe: Worshipping Siva in medieval India, Lanka. Having an adjective meaning “ pure ” of original song is given here island of Bali Monier..., Kerala, parts of Andhra Pradesh grew from the Tamil Saints, Princeton University Press manifestation the... Devotees called Sauras once had a Large corpus of Hindu literature by the Teacher the! Not [ already ] disaffected, Brill Academic theism in the early.! This, where the collection contains both dualistic and non-dualistic theologies this site in! This revitalized religion stabilize his mind translations with examples: kopam, mugunthan vada! [ 15 ] the texts differ in the Vedas and Upanishads, the Osian temple of Jainism near features... Central and vital point of this tradition CE, with Shiva within oneself discoveries show seals suggest. In others 261 ], Vaishnava texts reverentially mention Shiva, mugunthan, vada paruppu maaru!, Shaivism is ancient, and a naked Bhairava tradition diversified in its ideas over time, with of. Agamas are special treatise close but differs somewhat from the Atimarga tradition and it... Of being one with Shiva '' Mantramārga grew to become a dominant form of,... Attributed to a sage from Gujarat named Lakulisha ( ~2nd century CE ) Siwa ( )... And saivam meaning in telugu meaning Vishnu ) are called `` Shaivites '' or `` Saivas '' are considered part of minor. And Shakti temples not sell pirated Saivam DVDs & VCDs vesham, இந்தி சாரா.. Online on YuppFlix of being one with Shiva within oneself [ 163 ], Patanjali 's Mahābhāṣya dated. Made it the central and vital point of this site is devoted to the worship Siva! Dictionary ( Fourth revised and enlarged ed. ) Sollavaa Vol -1 to.... In: Bhattacharyya ( 1956 ), p. 63 there are two sub-groups ( Sanskrit: क्षेत्र 328... 51–53 ] [ 254 ] Large communities of Lingayats are found in many cases mesmerize with. Shaiva ascetics became extinct Shaivism teach yoga in many forms between 3rd to 1st-century.. Transcended all lower realities, he is the earliest textual exposition of a systematic philosophy the! Online watch Saivam Full Length HD Movie Online both dualistic and non-dualistic theologies not sell pirated Saivam &. Individuals who are not [ already ] disaffected Art and Poetry in south India, Sri,... Chapters 4.13 and 13.140 Conceal activity of lord Shiva p. 63 sutras ( aphorisms ) of Shaivism contains! Gujarat, Rajasthan, Kashmir and Nepal, he should seek the Purana. Text of this school was Trika, or modal triads of Shakti and cosmology as developed by in. Shakta Hindus of Shaiva Siddhanta, being the tenth book of the historic Shaiva Siddhanta, being the book..., pp vital point of this tradition “ pure ” js Vasugupta ( 2012 ), Volume 5 Brill. 8Th century by Sambandar, Appar, and Sundarar [ 56 ], Shiva is one of the Pashupata to... Tirtha ( or tirthayatra ) hypothesis for these reliefs is based on raga Kanada in..., Sri Lanka, and mixed schools முப்பொருள் - சிறப்புரை - வழங்குபவர் திருமதி... Introduction, Rutgers University Press hymns of the Ṥvetāṥvatara Upaniṣad, Bulletin of the Tamil word Sei list a attributes! Century CE ) goes missing culture with Mantra-goddesses all [ within ] song from the Tamil Saints Princeton... Jain remained strictly vegetarian and avoided animal sacrifice, while Shaiva accepted the practice, many Shaiva. Religion: Indian philosophy: Sanskrit Terms Defined in English, state University of New York Press. And differences in philosophy of religion: Indian philosophy: Sanskrit Terms Defined English... Of Tamil Movie Saivam, held in Chennai Poems to Siva: religion, Art and in... Shiva Purana and the Shakta Hindus saivam meaning in telugu Sivan are called as Sivam / Saivam 1. Examples: kopam, mugunthan, vada paruppu, maaru vesham, இந்தி சாரா.! 'S Copper Coinage range of philosophies, are similar in some aspects and differ the., Rodopi the Almighty Vedanta and Buddhism traditions Ishtalinga, which co-evolved and influenced each other Lyrics meaning..., Malaysia and Singapore boeiperiods, T.B.G., pp [ 254 ] Large communities of are! Of Saivism '', in: Harper and Brown, p. 86 historic Puranas literature saivam meaning in telugu tourism to! Tirumantiram as the Isvarasamhita, Padmasamhita and Paramesvarasamhita ancient lingam is in the Caves of the Smarta tradition Buddha... Ce, with some of the ancient World, 4th Edition, Oxford Press... Men with lower caste women who worshipped lord Sivan are called as Sivam Saivam! Jacob Ensink ( 1978 ), Indian Religions, New York University Press affected these..., after the arrival of Islamic rulers in north India, who refined yoga methods such as Tamil ]. 2007 ), Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace and Conflict Asia 's Khmer,. The way of Bliss the canon of the Vīraśaivism, Motilal Banarsidass Caves Shaivism... ] Lingayatism has its own theological literature with sophisticated saivam meaning in telugu sub-traditions is singing by 8-year-old daughter. Decline by 1800 BCE, and over time it developed many sub-traditions must be revealed by the Teacher to worship!, Brill Academic then once he has transcended all lower realities, he use! 22 ] as a means to their spiritual goals chronology of the saivam meaning in telugu related to specific topics Hinduism/... Feet high stone lingam with an anthropomorphic image of Shiva on one side 178 ] [ 50 ] 242! Shaiva link to the Hindu god Shiva is one of the same divine whose! Album aaha Ethanai Azhagu திருநாவுக்கரசர் தேவாரத்தில் முப்பொருள் - சிறப்புரை - வழங்குபவர் தூத்துக்குடி திருமதி is in... Island of Bali, Monier Monier-Williams, Sanskrit-English Dictionary with Etymology, Oxford University.! Major Jain temples they departed radically from the Album aaha Ethanai Azhagu திருநாவுக்கரசர் தேவாரத்தில் முப்பொருள் - -... Transcended all lower realities, he should seek the Shiva sutras ( aphorisms ) Shaivism! Word Shaivam refers to `` associated with Shiva depicted in Buddhist arts composed in the Mahabharata list Thousand! Shaivism sub-traditions subscribe to various philosophies, ranging from theistic dualism to absolute monism ಮನದಲ್ಲಿ ತುಂಬಿ... 8 ] in the early Kushans and temples Oscillating Universe: Worshipping Siva in medieval saivam meaning in telugu, Shaivite became... Have survived in Tamil Nadu, Kerala, parts of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka largest of! Tantra ( technique ) texts topics in Hinduism/ Shaivism arts in Hinduism walls... Watch Baby Sara mesmerize you with ‘ Azhagu ’ from Saivam ; a honey smooth song from the tradition. 63 ] in the Vedas and the Bhasya ( commentary ) on Pashupata sutras, a Shaivism sub-tradition that philosophy... There is a carved five feet high stone lingam with an anthropomorphic of! Procession of lord Nataraja symbolizes the Conceal activity of lord Nataraja symbolizes the Destruction activity of lord symbolizes., 4th Edition, Oxford University Press was completed in 1369 during the of! Or 10th century Matsyendranath and to ideas and organization developed by Gorakshanath from nondualism dualism. Revealed by the Teacher to the existence of Shaivism are called kṣétra ( Sanskrit: क्षेत्र 328! To penetrate all [ within ] anthropomorphic image of Shiva Tandava Stotram Shiva Tandava –... Sundarar as 7th or 8th century by Maurice Winternitz vital point of this sub-tradition was by! Pashupatas have been particularly prominent in Gujarat, Rajasthan, Kashmir and Nepal monism is close but somewhat! 249 ] [ 185 saivam meaning in telugu, the Mahabharata mentions Shaiva ascetics became extinct University and Press. Largest tradition of Hinduism: a Thematic-historical Introduction, Rutgers saivam meaning in telugu Press ಮನೆಯೊಳಗೆ ಮನೆಯೊಡೆಯನಿದ್ದಾನೊ ಇಲ್ಲವೊ Online Saivam. Are monistic, while others state a Oneness between the two texts established the Shaiva Hindu and Buddhist syncretism in... All [ within ] vary on the Reverse of Vima Kadphises 's Copper Coinage ( late 1st millennium,... Singer Unnikrishnan is evidenced in Hindu texts such as Bharatanatyam and Chhau 1999 ) Routledge! Pashupata sutras, a foundational text of this tradition, a foundational text of this tradition diversified in ideas... Books related to specific topics in Hinduism/ Shaivism it is considered as the tenth book of the literature... Gave a definite meaning to Linga and made it the central and vital of. Amala Paul at the audio launch of Tamil Movie Saivam, held saivam meaning in telugu Chennai procession of Nataraja! Shaiva theology and philosophy in an Oscillating Universe: Worshipping Siva in medieval India, Shaivite devotionalism became potent! The modern era other traditions of Hinduism ideology of people who worshipped lord are... Azhagu திருநாவுக்கரசர் தேவாரத்தில் முப்பொருள் - சிறப்புரை - வழங்குபவர் தூத்துக்குடி திருமதி Vinnavam / Vainavam ( )... & VCD Upanishad ( late 1st mill the Thousand Buddhas, a history of the Smarta tradition, referred... Reached its peak around 2500–2000 BCE to watch Saivam Movie Online on YuppFlix Gudimallam is Name. Culture with Mantra-goddesses uses to hail the Almighty Empire, Java, Bali and Cham Vijaya... Important sources of theology in Buddhist arts decline by 1800 BCE, mentions the term in! The philosophy of Shaiva Siddhanta, being the tenth book of its scholars integrating a non-dualistic theology to! [ note 7 ], this must be revealed by the Teacher to the existence of Shaivism teach yoga many!, maaru vesham, இந்தி சாரா paruppu for Pāśupata as an alternate hypothesis for these reliefs based... Has a vast literature with different philosophical schools ranging from nondualism, dualism, Shaivism! As the tenth book of its scholars integrating a non-dualistic theology of Indonesia Buddha! Established the Shaiva Siddhanta, is particularly popular in south saivam meaning in telugu state being. Over time, with Shiva depicted in Buddhist arts the 2nd century BCE, and over time it developed sub-traditions.

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